The Controlled Liquid Nitrogen Pipe Freezing System (Patented)
The patented Accu-Freeze™ system is the most advanced pipe freezing system in the
world. It utilizes liquid nitrogen in a controlled and automated system to safely
and reliably freeze static liquids in a selected section of pipe or tubing. The
standard Accu-Freeze™ AF1000 Kit is used to create an in-line ice plug capable of
withstanding 2000 PSI in pipes up to 12 inches in diameter and can be modified to
handle even larger diameter jobs. Ice plugs (or “freeze seals”) temporarily isolate
sections of pipe for as long as necessary, allowing repairs or modifications to
be made without shutting off or draining down the entire system.
How it works:
A typical Accu-Freeze™ process starts with wrapping copper tubing and a specially
designed insulating jacket around the section of pipe to be frozen. The liquid nitrogen
is supplied by your local welding or gas supplier. The nitrogen is then injected
through the control system. By constantly reading the surface temperature of the
pipe, the Accu-Freeze™ system controls the flow of liquid nitrogen through the coil
of copper tubing and safely creates the ice plug under the area covered by the copper
tubing and insulating jacket only. The plug does not extend outside the specific
Accu-Freeze utilizes liquid nitrogen in a controlled system to freeze stationary
liquids in a selected section of pipe or tubing. By controlling the surface temperature
of the pipe, Accu-freeze can accurately and safely form an in-line ice plug, capable
of withstanding 2000 psi in pipes up to 12 inch diameter. This temporary plug isolates
the section, thus allowing repairs and modifications to be made without shutting
off or draining down the entire system.
Throughout COB Industries’ nearly 40 years of pipe freezing experience with our
popular Qwik-Freezer® liquid CO2 freeze systems, our customers have requested pipe
freezing systems that will:
- be able to freeze large diameter pipe
- control and simplify the entire freeze process
- control the temperature that the pipe wall is exposed to (particularly in the nuclear
- minimize exposure in nuclear applications
- reduce the operating costs associated with pipe freezing by limiting the consumption
of liquid nitrogen
In response to these needs in the industry, COB Industries introduced Accu-Freeze™--the
world’s first controlled liquid nitrogen pipe freezing system, and the most efficient
pipe freezing system available.
Accu-Freeze™ Patented Control System offers many benefits:
Reduced Operating Costs
While liquid nitrogen (LN2) freeze systems are commonly used to handle situations
involving larger diameter pipe and hard to freeze applications such as glycol or
oil lines, etc, most LN2 freeze methods are very costly and require considerable
logistics due to the amount of liquid nitrogen that is typically required to perform
a freeze. The Accu-Freeze™ system is completely unique in that it utilizes a patented
control system which automates the injection of liquid nitrogen and allows the operator
to accurately control the temperature of the pipe wall throughout the freeze process.
This dramatically reduces the amount of liquid nitrogen that is consumed which reduces
the operating costs to a small fraction of what would normally be expected. This
means by using Accu-Freeze™, you get the benefits and capabilities that liquid nitrogen
offers without the costs that are normally associated with using it.
Accu-Freeze can be used with existing freeze equipment or with cost-effective copper
- The copper coil method of freezing is very beneficial from a cost standpoint because
it eliminates the need to purchase a specific freeze jacket for each size of pipe
(sometimes referred to as a “clam-shell”, these are typically made from aluminum
and bolted around the exterior of the pipe).
- Accu-Freeze™ can also be used for the benefits of reducing liquid nitrogen use and
operating costs in conjunction with existing freeze jackets if the customer has
already invested in them. In addition, COB Industries now offers state of the art
Freeze Jackets as well for customers that prefer that method or for applications
where the jackets are more conducive.
Limited exposure in nuclear / hazardous environments
Accu-Freeze™ also provides the unique ability to control the freeze remotely from
a secure location, reducing potential risks to the operator in certain applications.
Controlled freezes are safe and reliable
The controlled freeze process safely creates the ice plugs without affecting the
integrity of the pipe. (Pipe bursts happen when ice forms in an uncontrolled manner
and creates hydrostatic pressure between ice plugs or against a closure in the line.)
Detailed operating instructions are provided to help the user select an appropriate
location to safely freeze the line. In the nuclear industry there are also restrictions
regarding exposure of certain pipes to cryogenic temperatures. Accu-Freeze™ makes
it possible to create an ice plug while keeping the pipe wall temperature within
the allowable temperature limits.
Accu-Freeze™ LN2 Freeze Seal Jackets Now Available
COB Industries now manufactures Freeze Seal Jackets (“clam-shell” style) in addition
to the standard Accu-Freeze™ kits. These jackets are popular with customers that
need to do repeated freezes on the same size or sizes of pipe. The amount of set-up
time is greatly reduced with Freeze Seal Jackets that are manufactured to fit specific
pipe sizes and are just bolted around the outside of the pipe. The jackets have
injection ports built in which connect to the LN2 feed and exhaust ports to vent
the gas to atmosphere. They are constructed of high-grade aluminum with a double-wall
design that creates an insulating air gap between the liquid nitrogen and the ambient
air outside the jackets.